(Ch. of the New Jerusalem; New Ch.; New Jerusalem Ch.). 1. Followers of E. Swedenborg.* Held that the Trin. is not of persons, but of divine essentials, without division of the divine being. Redemption was accomplished by the incarnate Jehovah. Justification involves cooperation bet. man and God. Scripture has a literal and spiritual (inner, symbolic) sense; Swedenborg was chosen by God to reveal the latter. The New Ch. was identified with the new Jerusalem of Rv 21 and was dated from 1757, though not organized till the 1780s. Original sin, justification by faith alone, and resurrection of the body are denied. Man's spirit goes to heaven or hell through an intermediate realm after death.
2. Swedenborg was a prolific theosophical writer (see Theosophy).
3. Swedenborgians organized in London, Eng., in the 1780s.
4. The 1st New Ch. soc. in Am. was founded Baltimore 1792. The Gen. Convention of the New Jerusalem in the USA was organized 1817. The Academy of the New Ch. was founded 1876 as organic exponent of principles later adopted by the Pennsylvania Assoc., connected with the Gen. Conv. The assoc. changed name 1883 to The Gen. Ch. of Pennsylvania, separated from the Gen. Conv. 1890, changed name 1892 to Gen. Ch. of the Advent of the Lord, reorganized 1897 as Gen. Ch. of the New Jerusalem.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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