One of the sequences (see Sequence) suppressed by the Council of Trent*; restored 1727. Probably of 13th-c. origin; authorship variously assigned, e.g., to Bonaventura,* Jacopone* da Todi, Innocent II (Gregorio Papareschi; d. 1143; b. Rome, It.; pope 113043). Named after its first 2 words in Lat., based on Jn 19:25. Includes reference to Lk 2:35. Used as a sequence in RCm on September 15, as a hymn in Lent. Musical settings supplied by various composers including F. J. Haydn,* G. P. da Palestrina,* G. B. Pergolesi,* A. Scarlatti,* F. S. P. Schubert,* A. Steffani,* G. Verdi.* Used also in Prot. adaptations. See also Seven Sorrows of Mary.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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