One of Serapis. See Sarapis. republics in Yugoslavia*; E of the Drina R.; Christianity was first introd. by the RC Ch. in the 7th c. under Heraclius,* who sent missionaries, who baptized some Serbs; but this led to no lasting results. In the 2d half of the 9th c. Basil I see Schism, 5) defeated the Serbian pirates and imposed Christianity by compulsion. The leading ch. is Serbian Orthodox, which 1879, as a result of Serbian revolt against the Turk, became free from the Ecumenical Patriarch under Turkish control. For current information see CIA World Factbook.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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