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Schopenhauer, Arthur

(1788–1860). Ger. philos.; b. Danzig; to Hamburg 1793; educ. Göttingen and Berlin. His egotism and individualism made him unhappy. He rejected the moralism, philos. of religion, and idealism of his contemporaries in favor of aesthetics. He emphasized the transcendental aesthetic in the 1st section of I. Kant's Critik der reinen Vernunft. An examination of sensuous experience shows that man is driven by a will to live, an inner urge for sensations. This Schopenhauer regarded as part of a universal will, the process of becoming, a blind, irrational force that leads to desire, pain, and suffering. The indicated course for man is to negate the will by overcoming desire. Compassion is the highest moral principle. See also Pessimism.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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