In religion, a new doctrine, or new method of theol. interpretation; hence also called Modern Theol., or Transitional Theol. (Übergangstheologie). Hist. critical movement in theol. of 18th c.; embraced a number of theol. tendencies and such concepts as cosmic pluralism in opposition to a closed Ptolemaic universe, hierarchy of being from inanimate objects to angels, moral miracles (e.g., the redeemed life is a miraculous gift of grace), new Biblicism opposed to scholastic orthodox dogma, and emphasis on the incarnation and the cross.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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