RC theol. distinguishes bet. condign merit (meritum de condigno; meritum condigni) and congruent merit (meritum de congruo; meritum congrui); condign merit is merit to which reward is due in justice; congruent merit is based on the liberality of him who rewards. Accordingly, good works of the regenerate, in so far as they proceed from free will, are meritorious de congruo; in so far as they are done in the state of grace, they are meritorious de condigno. The Ap rejects this distinction as a screen for Pelagianism* (IV 19) and as a device which robs Christ of His honor and gives it to men (IV 316318) and leads to doubt and despair (IV 321).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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