Christian Cyclopedia

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(Mandeans; Mendaeans; from Mandaean Aramaic mandayya, “having knowledge” [reflecting Gk. gnostikoi, “gnostics”]. Sabians, Sabaeans, Sabeans, etc.; probably either from an Aramaic word meaning “baptize” or a Heb. word meaning “host,” referring to ritual washings or worship of the stars. Nasoraeans, Mandaean for “observers” [of cult and code] or “true believers”; cf. “Nazarenes,” Acts 24:5. St. John's Christians, so called because of veneration for John the Baptist). Gnostic sect; originated possibly as early as the 3d c.; remnants in Iraq and Iran. Sacred books include Ginza (“Treasure”) or Sidra rabba (the “Great Book”); Sidra d'Yahya(“the Book of John”) or Drase d'malke (“Recitations of the Kings”), also called Drase d'Yahya (“Recitations of John”); Qolasta (a hymnbook; cf. Syriac kullasa, “praise”). See also Sabianism.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Content Reproduced with Permission

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