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Lucian of Antioch

(ca. 240–312). Mem. of Antioch School (see Exegesis, 4; Schools, Early Christian, 4); martyr; b. probably Antioch or Samosata; educ. Edessa; presbyter Antioch. His theol. traces all to creation; everything, including Logos,* is created out of nothing by an act of God's will. Emphasized literal meaning of Scriptures; his rev. of the LXX and the 4 gospels (called Lucianic text, or Byzantine [or Syrian] text) conflated variants and removed crudities and obscurities and became standard in Syria, Asia Minor, and Constantinople; most surviving MSS of the 4 gospels (thus Textus* Receptus and KJV) embody his text.

G. Bardy, Recherches sur saint Lucien d'Antioche et son école (Paris, 1936).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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