(182397). Dutch Prot. theol.; b. The Hague, Neth.; educ. Luth. and Mennonite sems. Amsterdam; pastor of Luth. congs. Maastricht 184849, Deventer 184956; prof. Luth. sem. Amsterdam 1856, U. Amsterdam 187793. In 1881 he held that Christ was not a hist. person but the incorporation of thoughts and principles developed in the 2d c.; His death and resurrection are the death of Israel and its revival in Christianity. In 1882 he admitted the historicity of Christ but denied that He founded Christianity. Works include Symbool en werkelijkheid in de Evangelische geschiedenis; Het Vierde Evangelie.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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