(Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus; b. probably in the 340s; d. 419 or 420). Ch. father; b. Stridon (probably in Dalmatia, near Aquileia, It.) of Christian parents; bap. at 19 in Rome, where he had gone to study rhetoric and philos.; journeyed through Gaul; then lived at Aquileia till ca. 373; traveled, living in and near Syrian Antioch, then in Constantinople, Rome, Antioch, Palestine, Egypt, settling finally at Bethlehem. Turned from secular studies to the things of God during his 1st stay at Antioch; secy. to Damasus* I. Works include rev. of the Lat. Bible (see Bible Versions, J 12); commentaries on books of the Bible; De viris illustribus; polemical writings. See also Apocrypha, B 2; Doctor of the Church; Fathers of the Church; Geography, Christian, 3; Millennium, 3; Origenistic Controversy; Patristics, 6.
MPL, 2230; R. and M. Pernoud, Saint Jerome, tr. R. Sheed (New York, 1962); D. S. Wiesen, St. Jerome As a Satirist (Ithaca, New York, 1964).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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