(18871975). Gradson of T. H. Huxley*; b. London, Eng.; educ. Oxford; biologist; humanistic philos.; prof. Rice Institute, Texas, 191316; senior demonstrator in zoology Oxford 191925; prof. King's Coll., London, 192527; Fullerian prof. Royal Institution 192629; dir. gen. UNESCO 194648. Developed theory of evolutionary humanism; its basic postulate is that mental and spiritual forcesusing the term force in a loose and general sensedo have operative effect, and are indeed of decisive importance in the highly practical business of working out human destiny; and that they are not supernatural, not outside man but within him (Religion without Revelation, chap. 9). Works incl. Religion without Revelation; Toward a New Humanism. See also Humanist Manifesto, A; Humanism. into collective farms in Moravia; arrested in Tirol; burned at stake. See also Mennonite Churches, 3 a.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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