(including sanatoria, homes for convalescents and chronically ill). Ca. 1800 the growth of such cities as Boston, NYC, Philadelphia, Newport, Charleston began to demand community action to provide pub. health services. Isolation hosps. were created in cities of the E coast of the US. Nearly all were est. under govt. auspices; most rendered basic service. Services soon improved in new hosps. est. under voluntary (ch. and community) auspices. The 1st ch. related hosps. in the US were under control of RC sisterhoods.
The 1st hosp. in the Missouri* Syn. (the 1st Prot. hosp. W of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) was the Luth. Hosp. at St. Louis, Missouri, founded 1858 by J. F. Bünger,* sold 1984 to Nat. Med. Enterprises, Inc., of Calif.
Luth. sponsorship of hosps. varies, including (1) operation of a group of indep.-owned hosps. over a broad geogr. area by a Luth. administrative organization; (2) operation of a group of hosps. owned by a single ch.-related entity serving a limited geogr. area; (3) ownership and operation of single hosp. units by an assoc. of Luth. congs, jurisdictional units of a Luth. body, or a Luth. body as such; (4) ownership and operation of single hosp. units by a corporation whose membership, by definition in the charter, consists of at least a majority of Luths.
Some Luth. hosps. have evolved into community hosps. in terms of orientation, perspective, and/or auspices. But most retain true and essential ev. Luth. characteristics: (1) interest and participation of the membership of the Luth. ch.; (2) well-oriented management by Christian people; (3) Christian administration; (4) ministry to the total personality of the patient; (5) chaplaincy services to administration, staff, and patients; (6) worship facilities in large hosps.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission