(Guido Aretino; Fra Guittone; Guy of Arezzo; ca. 990ca. 1050). B. Arezzo, It. (or near Paris, Fr.); monk; called the father of modern music; credited with introd. 4-line staff, F clef; predecessors used 1 or 2 lines; credited with composing a hymn to John the Baptist (Ut queant laxis resonare fibris Mira gestorum famuli tuorum, Solve polluti labii reatum, Sancte Joannes) in which the first syllable of the 1st six lines (Ut [later replaced by do], re, mi, fa, sol la) fall on the first 6 tones of the major scale; also developed the C, D, E, etc., notation for the tones of the scale.
Liber usualis, The Nativity of St. John the Baptist, June 24, Second Vespers, Hymn. LP
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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