Christian Cyclopedia

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Part of traditional Christian worship service, bet. Epistle and Gospel readings; originally called responsorium or responsorium graduale; it was intoned by the precentor (see Cantor) on the steps (Lat. gradus) of the altar* or ambo* from which the Epistle was read. Texts of the graduals are from Scripture, usually from Ps. In Luth. chs. the gradual may be replaced by a hymn or other fitting music. In many chs. only the Hallelujah* is used. See also Ambrosian Music.

The Graduals for the Church Year, ed. E. Kurth and W. E. Buszin (St. Louis, 1944); G. Reese, Music in the Middle Ages (New York, 1940).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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