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Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

(1869–1948). “Father of the Nation.” Called Mahatma (“Greatsouled”). B. Porbandar, Kathiawar, W India; educ. in India and London; lawyer in India; to S Afr. 1893; worked for liberties of S Afr. Indians against white rulers; developed concept of nonviolent resistance which he called satyagraha (“soul-force” or “truth-force”); helped found Indian Opinion, a weekly journal pub. at Phoenix Farm (small settlement he est. near Durban), center of his activity in Natal, S Afr.; to Eng. 1914; to India, arriving Bombay January 9, 1915; applied organized satyagraha repeatedly in home rule movement; elected “sole executive authority” by Indian Nat. Congress 1921; tried to integrate the untouchables; worked for understanding bet. Hindus and Muslim; opposed partition of India; taught that happiness for all was to be achieved through fearlessness, truth, and nonviolence; assassinated on way to prayer. Works include Hind Swaraj: An Autobiography. Ed. Young India; Navajivan; Harijan.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

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Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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