(Fr. for false bass; Middle Eng.: faburden; It.: falso bordone; Sp.: fabordone). Term for 3-voice setting in which the lowest voice mostly falls a 3d higher than the root of the chord, or true bass; the middle voice is consistently a 4th lower than the top voice. Date of origin unknown; some hold as early as the 10th c.; in MSS of ca. 1300. Often used in connection with plainsong (see Gregorian Music); used by such masters as J. S. Bach,* L. v. Beethoven,* J. Brahms,* and W. A. Mozart.*
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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