Assoc. formed London 1846. Attendance of ca. 800 at the organizational meeting included J. A. James,* E. Bickersteth (see Bickersteth, 1), F. W. Krummacher (see Krummacher, 3), F. A. Tholuck,* A. Monod (see Monod, 3), J. H. Merle* d'Aubigné, L. Beecher,* and S. S. Schmucker.* Purpose of the Alliance was to unite ev. Christians, champion liberty of conscience and tolerance, and oppose RCm and Tractarianism.* Doctrinal articles adopted: 1. the divine inspiration, authority, and sufficiency of the Scriptures; 2. the right and duty of private judgment; 3. the unity of the Godhead and the Trinity of the divine persons; 4. the total depravity of human nature as a result of the Fall; 5. the incarnation of the Son of God, His work of redemption for sinful mankind, mediatory intercession, and kingship; 6. justification only by faith; 7. the work of the Holy Spirit in converting and sanctifying the sinner; 8. the immortality of the soul, the resurrection of the body, the final judgment by the Savior, receiving the righteous into eternal life and condemning the ungodly to eternal perdition; 9. the divine institution of the office of the ministry and of the sacraments (Baptism and the Lord's Supper). The Alliance did not try to unite the chs. organically but simply to bring about a closer fellowship of individual Christians. Every mem. was asked to pray for the common cause on the morning of the 1st day of every week and during the 1st week of every yr. Evangelical Christendom, founded London 1847, was one of its early publications. US branch est. 1867. The internat. movement now called World's Ev. Alliance. See also Evangelischer Bund; Macleod, Norman; Schaff, Philip.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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