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Eckhart, Johannes

(Meister Eckhardt; Eckart; Eckardt; Eccard; Eckehart; ca. 1260–ca. 1327). B. Thuringia; Ger. Dominican theol., mystic, preacher; founded Ger. mysticism and philos. language. Magister theol. Paris 1302; Dominican provincial, Saxony, 1303; vicar-gen. Bohemia, with power to reform convents 1307; taught at Paris, Strasbourg, Cologne (H. Suso* and J. Tauler* his pupils); charged at Cologne with teaching pantheism, but disclaimed it. Tried to explain the mysteries of the Trin. and the relation bet. Creator and man. Influenced by Aristotle,* Augustine* of Hippo, Neoplatonism,* Avicenna (see Arabic Philosophy), Thomas* Aquinas, et al. Works include Opus tripartitum; commentaries; sermons.

Meister Eckhart, ed. F. Pfeiffer, tr. C. de B. Evans (London, 1924); Meister Eckhart, tr. R. B. Blakney (New York, 1941); H. Bornkamm, Eckhart und Luther (Stuttgart, 1936); J. Ancelet-Hustache, Master Eckhart and the Rhineland Mystics, tr. H. Graef (New York, 1957); Meister Eckhart: Die deutschen und lateinischen Werke, pub. under auspices of Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Stuttgart, 1936– ).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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