(18581917). Fr. philos. Held a sociol. positivism*: Society is cen. to this philos.; truth and falsehood are objective when they express collective thought; soc. is not simply the sum of its individuals, but a kind of entity; religion is soc. activity, and its primitive form is best seen in totemism.* Works include Les formes élementaires de la vie religieuse (Eng. tr. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life); Les règles de la méthode sociologique (Eng. tr. The Rules of Sociological Method).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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