Representation of Christ on cross,* painted or sculptured in W Ch., only in painted form in E Ch. Probably not used gen. and pub. by Christians in 1st five cents., though figures of a lamb or bust of Christ on cross occur in the 5th c. Crucifixes in strict sense used from the last part of the 6th c. on. Came into gen. use as central piece of altar in 16th c. Frequently used also by Luths. See also Symbolism, Christian, 1.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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