(May 26, 1812May 3, 1891). B. Kleinlangheim, Bavaria; studied theol. Erlangen 183032; mem. of a Patriotic Students' Soc. (Burschenschaft); imprisoned for participation in the 1833 Frankfurt Insurrection; released 1839, but remained under police surveillance; studied Gk. Ger., Fr., and Eng.; tutor to the only son of Count Carl von Einsiedeln 184143; tutor of the children of Lord and Lady Lovelace (the latter a daughter of Lord Byron), Devonshire, Eng., 1843; tutor of Ger. language and literature Oxford 1843. Took issue with Tractarianism* there and followed F. C. D. Wyneken's* appeal for Luth. ch. workers in Am.; this took him first to J. K. W. Löhe* in Neuendettelsau 1844; traveled through N Ger. in the interest of miss. in Am.; ordained by T. F. D. Kliefoth* in the cathedral of Schwerin April 4, 1845. Founded miss. colony at Frankenmuth, Michigan, 1845; mem. Michigan* Syn., but left it 1846 in protest against liberalism; helped found Missouri* Syn. 1847; continued till 1850 as pastor and Indian miss.; succeeded A. Wolter* as prof. at the Practical Sem., Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1850 and later became pres. of the sem.; when it was combined 1861 with the Theoretical Sem. at St. Louis, C. F. W. Walther* and he for a while were the faculty. For the sake of the many Norw. students he studied Norw. In 1875 he went with the Practical Sem. to Springfield, Illinois, as sole prof.; he was chief instructor after the arrival of H. C. Wyneken* 1876 and became dir. 1878. His activities included as many as 23 lectures a week; in summer vacations he often prepared emergency workers to be sent out in fall. While in Fort Wayne he also served the country cong. at Cedar Creek; while in St. Louis he founded and served the cong. at Minerstown; while in Springfield he served as vacancy pastor and as assistant pastor of the local cong., and at Chatham, 10 mi. SSW of Springfield.
L. Fuerbringer, Friedrich August Crämer, L. u. W., LXVIII (1922), 18, 3340; F. Lochner, Ehrengedächtniss des seligen Herrn Friedrich August Crämer, Der Lutheraner, XLVII (1891), 147 to 149, 155157, 173174, 181182, 190191, 197 to 198, 203205; XLVIII (1892), 35, 1213, 2728. 3940, 4849, 5556, 7072, 7980, 8586.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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