(Gk. kosmos, world; gonos, a begetting). Part of the science of astronomy; deals with the origin of the universe; esp. the study of various theories (and the theories themselves) regarding the beginning of the world. The Scripture account is also called cosmogony.
The idea of creation* out of nothing was practically unknown in early heathen cosmogonies. Most early cosmogonies consider matter eternal and attribute the form to the activity of a deity. Others, including those who identify deity and matter, regard both matter and form eternal. The Scriptures attribute both matter and form to the Creator.
See also Absolute.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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