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Congress of Racial Equality

(CORE). An organization that seeks to gain rights for African Americans chiefly through passive resistance. Organized 1942 Chicago by lames Leonard Farmer, former program dir. of NAACP; he was influenced by War Without Violence, written by Krishnalal Shridharani, pupil of Gandhi. The passive resistance movement was aided by Martin L. King* Jr. (see also Southern Christian Leadership Conference). In 1961 CORE conducted the first Freedom Rides into Alabama and Mississippi Farmer resigned from CORE effective 1966 to head the Center for Community-Action Education, Inc.

W. H. Burns, The Voices of Negro Protest in America (New York, 1963).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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