(Lat. second cause). Cause caused by something else. Used of second causes by which God (often referred to as First Cause) preserves and directs His creation (Ps. 127:1). Luth. dogmaticians have pointed out that in the divine act of concurrence both God works and the means work. Furthermore, the divine concurrence is not previous (actio praevia) but, the operation of God and that of the means is numerically one (una numero actio).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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