Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Arab. “successor”). Successor of Muhammad as head of the Islamic empire and religion. Orthodox Caliphate: abu-Bakr* 632–634, Omar 634–644, Othman 644–656, Ali 656–661; Omayyad Caliphate 661–750; Abbasid Caliphate 750–1256; Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba 756–1031; Fatimid Caliphate of Egypt 909–1171.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

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