Christian Cyclopedia

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Biel, Gabriel

(ca. 1420–95). Ger. scholastic philos.; nominalist; taught at Tübingen; protagonist of semi-Pelagianism, mechanical theory of sacraments, “mighty dignity” of priests, and Immaculate Conception; position on ch. polity was that of the councils of Constance and Basel. Wrote commentary on Sentences of Peter Lombard. Writings were among first theol. works read by Luther.

F. X. Linsenmann, “Gabriel Biel und die Anfänge der Universität zu Tübingen,” Theologische Quartalschrift, XLVII (1865), 195–226, and “Gabriel Biel, der letzte Scholastiker, und der Nominalismus,” ib., 449–481, 601–676; Friedrich Ueberwegs Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie, ed. B. Geyer, 12th ed., II (Basel, 1951), 611–612, 786.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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