(15611626). Eng. statesman and philos. Mem. Parliament; Lord Chancellor; peer. Convicted of taking bribes. Paved way for modern philos. by criticizing Scholastics for neglect of natural sciences and by advocating inductive (empirical) method. In Novum organum separated spheres of faith (theol.) and knowledge (philos.). Revelation sole source of faith. Experience source of knowledge. See also Science; Secularism.
Standard ed. of his works (14 vols.) by J. Spedding, R. L. Ellis, and D. D. Heath (London, 1857 to 1874); R. W. Church, Francis Bacon (New York, 1908); R. W. Gibson, Francis Bacon, A Bibliography of His Works and of Baconiana to the Year 1750 (Oxford, 1950); G. W. Steeves, Francis Bacon (London, 1910).
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