(Wolf; 16791754). Ger. philos.; b. Breslau; prof. math. and nat. philos. Halle 1707; deposed 1723 and banished from Prussia through influence of Halle Pietists; to Marburg; later recalled to Halle. Adopted theories of G. W. v. Leibniz*; coined term monism*. Though he accepted revelation, reason was his final authority. Logical consequence of his method was rationalism, which through his system gained increasingly strong foothold in Germany. See also Ahlwardt, Peter; Lutheran Theology After 1580, 8.
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