Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Whately, Richard

(1787–1863). B. London, Eng.; educ. Oxford; prof. pol. economy Oxford 1829; abp. Dublin, Ireland, 1831. Works include Apostolical Succession Considered; Essays on Some of the Difficulties in the Writings of the Apostle Paul; Essays on the Errors of Romanism; The Kingdom of Christ Delineated; Historic Doubts Relative to Napoleon Buonaparte; Elements of Logic.

Wheat Ridge Foundation.

Est. 1944 by the Walther League (see Young People's Organizations, Christian, II 3); continues work that traces its beginning to 1903, when a small group of Denver, Colorado, Luths. organized The Ev. Luth. Sanitarium Assoc. of Denver, Colorado; this assoc. was inc. 1904; it bought land May 1905 near Denver; a tent colony, or “health farm,” was dedicated September 1905 and came to be known as Wheat Ridge; from the outset it received support from the Walther League, which assumed ownership and control 1927. See also Wheat Ridge Seals.

Wheat Ridge Seals.

Einar Holboell (d. 1927). a Luth. postal clerk in Copenhagen, Den., conceived the idea of a small seal for Christmas mail to raise money for children with tuberculosis. The seal appeared first in Den. 1904 and elsewhere soon thereafter. The first Wheat Ridge (see Wheat Ridge Foundation) seals appeared 1910.

Whichcote, Benjamin

(Whichcot; Whitchcote; 1609–83). B. Whichcote Hall, Stoke, Shropshire, Eng.; educ. Cambridge; priest; preacher Trin. Ch., Cambridge; provost King's Coll., Cambridge; vice-chancellor Cambridge U. 1650; deposed from provostship after the Restoration (see England, C); then served parishes in London; leading mem. Cambridge* Platonists. Works include Select Sermons; Moral and Religious Aphorisms.

Whipple, Henry Benjamin

(1822–1901). Prot. Episc. cleric; b. Adams, Jefferson Co., New York; active in Rome, New York, 1850–57 and Chicago, Illinois, 1857–59; bp. Minnesota 1859; worked to remove injustice and cruelty to Indians. See also Indians, American, 9.

Whiston, William

(1667–1752). Arian theol.; mathematician; b. Norton juxta Twycross, near Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng.; educ. Cambridge. Tr. works of F. Josephus.* Other works include Primitive Christianity Revived; An Essay Towards Restoring the True Text of the Old Testament and for Vindicating the Citations Made Thence in the New Testament.

Whitaker, William

(1548–95). B. Holme, near Manchester, Eng.; educ. Cambridge; prof. Cambridge; anti-RC Helped draft Lambeth Arts. (see Anglican Confessions, 7); other works include A Disputation on Holy Scripture, Against the Papists, Especially Bellarmine and Stapleton. See also Stapleton, Thomas.

Whitby, Daniel

(1638–1726). B. Rushden, Northamptonshire, Eng.; educ. Oxford; prebendary Salisbury; rector St. Edmund's, Salisbury; anti-RC; sought reconciliation with nonconformists. Works include The Protestant Reconciler; A Paraphrase and Commentary on the New Testament; The Fallibility of the Roman Church Demonstrated; Last Thoughts. See also Arminianism.

Whitby, Synod of.

Assembly convened ca. 664 by the king of Northumbria to settle differences bet. Irish and RCs, e.g., date of Easter and shape of tonsure. See also Easter Controversy; England, 2; James the Deacon; Wilfrid.

White, Ellen Gould

(nee Harmon; 1827–1915). B. Gorham, Maine; originally Meth.; became Adv. claimed visions of heavenly Jerusalem. Works include Gospel Workers; Der Weg zu Christo. See also Adventist Bodies, 3, 4.

White, Henry Julian

(1859–1934). Biblical scholar; b. Islington, Greater London, Eng.; educ. Oxford; ordained priest 1886; domestic chaplain of J. Wordsworth* 1886; taught at Oxford from 1895, at King's Coll., London, from 1905. Worked on Wordsworth's ed. of the Vulgate (see Bible Versions, J 2); coauthor A Grammar of the Vulgate.

White, Henry Kirke

(1785–1806). Hymnist; b. Nottingham, Eng.; d. while a student at Cambridge; known for early development of his genius. Hymns include “Much in sorrow, oft in woe” (rev. as “Oft in sorrow, oft in woe”).

White, William

(1748–1836). Prot. Episc. cleric; b. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; educ. Coll. of Philadelphia; rector Christ Ch., Philadelphia; active at 1785 conv. (see Protestant Episcopal Church, The, 2); bp. Pennsylvania 1787–1836; presiding bp. of the ch. 1796–1836. See also Protestant Episcopal Church, 3.

White Cross League

(Ger.: Weisses Kreuz). Organized 1883 by J. B. Lightfoot* against immorality; spread to N. Am. 1885, Fr. 1889, Ger. 1890. Not to be confused with Weisses* Kreuz.

Whitefield, George

(1714–70). Founder of Calvinistic* Methodism; b. Gloucester, Eng.; educ. Oxford; mem. Holy* Club; deacon 1736; in Georgia 1738; returned to Eng. late in 1738 to raise funds for orphanage; ordained priest; began open-air preaching 1739; parted company with C. and J. Wesley* in the early 1740s; presided at 1st Calvinistic Meth. Conference, held at Waterford, Wales, January 5, 1743; visited Scot. and Ireland; made 7 trips to US. See also Presbyterian Churches, 4 a.

Whitehead, Alfred North

(1861–1947). Philos., mathematician; b. Ramsgate, on the Isle of Thanet, NE Kent, SE Eng.; educ. Cambridge. Taught at Cambridge 1885–1911; U. of London 1911–24; Harvard U., Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1924–ca. 1938. tats view, which he called philos. of organism, is based on the patterned process of events; only what appears, what is given in perception, is real; relations bet. things or events consist in a kind of feeling; every actual entity is a “prehensive occasion”; the actual world is a certain selection of eternal objects; God is the source of unactualized possibilities (his “primordial nature”) and conserver of actualized values (his “consequent nature”). See also Process Philosophy; Process Theology; Time.

Whitehead, John

(1630–96). Quaker; b. Owstwick in Holderness, Yorkshire, Eng.; itinerant preacher; often imprisoned. Works include The Enmitie between the Two Seeds; For the Vineyard of the Lord of Hosts; Ministers among the People of God (Called Quakers) No Jesuites.

Whitgift, John

(ca. 1530–1604). B. Great Grimsby, Lincolnshire, Eng.; educ. Cambridge; prof. theol. Cambridge 1563; vice-chancellor Cambridge 1570; bp. Worcester 1577; abp. Canterbury 1583. Helped draft Lambeth Arts. (see Anglican Confessions, 7).

Whitman, Marcus

(September 4, 1802–November 29, 1847). B. Rushville, New York; studied medicine at Berkshire Med. Coll., Pittsfield, Massachusetts; physician in Can. and Wheeler, New York; ABCFM miss. to Oregon region; helped est. miss. stations at Waiilatpu (near present Walla Walla, Washington), Lapwai (near present Lewiston, Idaho), and elsewhere. Massacred by Cayuse. See also Indians, American, 13.


(Pentecost). See Church Year, 5, 10, 16.

Whittingham, William

(ca. 1524–79). B. Holmeset (later Holmeside Hall), 6 mi. from Durham, Lanchester parish Eng. educ. Brasenose Coll., Oxford; Calvinist; fled to Frankfurt am Main under Mary* I; to Geneva 1555; m. Catharine, the sister of J. Calvin*; pub. an Eng. NT at Geneva 1557; prominent in production of the Geneva Bible (see Bible Versions, K); made a metrical tr. of some Psalms, the Lord's* Prayer, and the Decalog*; dean of Durham 1563.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Content Reproduced with Permission

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