(Order of the Most Holy Trin. for the Redemption of Captives). RC order founded, acc. to tradition, by Jean* de Matha and approved 1198 by Innocent Ill (see Popes, 10). First object was to secure release of Christians held captive by Muslim; activities expanded later to larger soc. service. Also known as Mathurins, or Mathurines, from St. Mathurin, 3d c. AD priest to whom the Paris convent was dedicated. See also Barefooted Monks.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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