(17721829). Son of J. A. Schlegel*; b. Hanover, Ger.; educ. Göttingen and Leipzig; studied Persian and Indian at Paris 180204; held Austrian govt. offices. In his early period he emphasized Gk. and Lat. classics; this led him to neo-humanism and J. C. F. v. Schiller*; later developed a secular mysticism of nature and spirit. Held that nature is supreme in ancient culture, spirit in later culture. After conversion to RCm in the 1st decade of the 19th c. he emphasized Christian culture. Works include Geschichte der alten und neuen Literatur; Philosophic des Lebens: Philosophie der Geschichte.
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