(171690). B. St. Gall, Switz.; probably educ. Helmstedt (Helmstädt); ordained Holland; sent by Holland syns. as miss. to Ger. Ref. in Am. in the 1740s; pastor Philadelphia and Germantown 1747; active in organizing chs. in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and New Jersey; resigned Philadelphia pastorate 1755 to become supt. of proposed Eng. charity schools, but unpopularity of the schools among Germans led to his resignation 1757; chaplain Royal Am. regt. 1757; pastor Philadelphia 1759; chaplain 2d Pennsylvania Battalion 1764; captured and imprisoned by British 1777.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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