Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Smalcius, Valentinus

(Valentin Schmalz; 1572-ca. 1622/24). B. Gotha, Thuringia, Ger.; became Unitarian while studying at Strasbourg; to Poland; rector of ch. school at Szmigel (Smigla); joined Socinian ch.; pastor Lublin 1598, Rakow 1605. Helped prepare Rakau* Catechism. See also Socinianism, 1.

Smend, Julius

(1857–1930). B. Lengerich, Westphalia, Ger.; educ. Bonn, Halle, and Göttingen; served in the pastoral ministry at various places. Prof. at the sem. at Friedberg, Hesse, 1891; Strasbourg 1893; Münster 1914. Assoc. ed. with F. Spitta* Monatschrift für Gottesdienst und kirchliche Kunst; other works include Der evangeliscbe Gottesdienst.

Smith, Adam

(1723–90). B. Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire, Scot.; educ. Glasgow and Oxford; prof. logic and moral philos. Glasgow; lectured on theol., ethics, jurisprudence, pol. institutions. Stressed soc. sympathy and imitation in ethics. Laid foundation for science of pol. economy. Works include The Theory of Moral Sentiments; An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.

Smith, Azariah

(February 16, 1817–June 3, 1851). B. Manlius, New York; educ. Yale coll., New Haven, Connecticut; studied medicine at Geneva, New York; ordained Presb. 1842; ABCFM miss. in Armenia and Turkey 1842–51.

Smith, Eli

(1801–57). B. Northford (now in North Branford), Connecticut; educ. Yale coll., New Haven. Connecticut, and Andover (Massachusetts) theol. Sem.; ABCFM Cong. miss. to Malta and the Near East. Tr. Bible into Arabic. See also Dwight, Harrison Gray Otis.

Smith, Gerald Birney

(1868–1929). B. Middlefield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts Educ. Brown U., Providence, Rhode Island.; Columbia U., NYC; Union Theol. Sem., NYC. Prof. theol. U. of Chicago. Leader in modernizing and socializing theol. Influenced by A. B. Ritschl.*

Smith, Henry Preserved

(1847–1927). Father of P. Smith*; b. Troy, Ohio. Educ. Lane Theol. Sem., Cincinnati; univs. Berlin Leipzig. Ordained Presb. 1875; taught at Lane 1877–93, Amherst (Massachusetts) Coll. 1898–1906, Meadville (Pennsylvania) Theol. Sem. 1907–13; librarian Union Theol. Sem., NYC, 1913–25. Suspended 1893 for higher Biblical criticism; Cong. 1899. Works include A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Books of Samuel; Essays in Biblical Interpretation.

Smith, John

(Smyth; perhaps ca. 1570–1612). Educ. Cambridge for the Angl. Ch.; lecturer or preacher Lincoln 1600; deposed 1602, apparently for nonconformist views; Cong. pastor Gainsborough several yrs. later; with T. Helwys led a group of separatists to Holland ca. 1607/08; became Anabap. under Mennonite influence ca. 1608/09; bap. himself by affusion (hence often called the Se-Baptist, and his followers Se-Baptists). See also Baptist Churches, 2.

R. G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, rev. ed. (Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 1963), pp. 33–37.

Smith, John

(of Jamestown, Virginia). See Pocahontas.

Smith, John Merlin Powis

(1866–1932). B. London, Eng.; educ. Des Moines, Iowa, Coll. and the U., of Chicago, Illinois; taught Semitic language and literature at Chicago. Works include Bible tr. with E. J. Goodspeed* and others. See also Bible Versions, L 13.

Smith, Joseph, Jr.

(1832–1914). Son of Joseph Smith* Sr.; cousin of J. F. Smith*; b. Kirtland, Ohio; pres. Reorganized Ch. of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (see Latter Day Saints, g 2) 1860. Ed. Saints' Herald.

Smith, Joseph, Sr.

(1805–44). Father of Joseph Smith* Jr.; uncle of J. F. Smith*; founded Latter* Day Saints; b. Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont; claimed visions beginning 1820. Works include A Book of Commandments; Doctrine and Covenants.

Smith, Joseph Fielding

(1838–1918). Nephew of Joseph Smith* Sr.; cousin of Joseph Smith* Jr.; b. Far West, Missouri; to Utah 1848 with B. Young; held various positions; pres.. The Ch. of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints 1901; announced to US Senate committee 1904 that Mormons no longer sponsored polygamy: fostered friendly relations with non-Mormons.

Smith, Preserved

(1880–1941). Son of H. P. Smith*; b. Cincinnati, Ohio; educ. Amherst (Massachusetts) Coll. and Columbia U., NYC; prof. Cornell U., Ithaca New York, 1922–41. Works include The Age of the Reformation; The Life and Letters of Martin Luther; Luther's Table Talk: A Critical Study; Erasmus; A History of Modern Culture.

Smith, Robert Pearsall

(1827–98). B. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Quaker; manufacturer in Philadelphia; claimed unique religious experience of confirmation in faith 1858; joined holiness* movement 1866/67; presented views on progressive sanctification at Oxford 1874: influenced T. Jellinghaus.*

Smith, Rodney

(1860–1947). “Gipsy Smith”; b. Wanstead, Eng., of Gipsy parentage; converted in midteens; evangelist in Eng.; visited Am. several times.

Smith, Samuel Francis

(1808–95). Bap. cleric and poet; b. Boston, Massachusetts; educ. Harvard coll., Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Andover (Massachusetts) Theol. Sem. Pastor Waterville, Maine, 1834–42; Newton, Massachusetts, 1842–54. Prof. modern languages Waterville Coll. 1834–42. Active in Christian journalism. Author of “My Country, Tis of Thee.” Hymns include “The Morning Light Is Breaking”; “Founded on Thee, Our Only Lord.”

Smith, William Benjamin

(1850–1934). B. Stanford, Kentucky; educ. U. of Kentucky, at Lexington; held several teaching positions, finally as prof. math. (1893–1906) and philos. (1906–15) Tulane U. of Louisiana, New Orleans. Works include Der vorchristliche Jesus; The Color Line; Ecce Deus: Die urchristliche Lehre des reingöttlichen Jesu; The Birth of the Gospel.

Smith, William Robertson

(1846–94). B. New Farm, near Keig, Aberdeenshire, Scot.; educ. Aberdeen. Prof. Oriental languages and OT exegesis Free Ch. Coll., Aberdeen, 1870–81; prof. Arabic, Cambridge, 1883–86, 1889–94. Exponent of higher* criticism and of comparative study of religions. Coed. 1880, ed.-in-chief 1887–88 9th ed. The Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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