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Modern Pentecostalism in the US and Can. drew most of its first strength from the revivalism of the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th c. (see Latter Rain Movement). It spread through Tennessee, North Carolina, Minnesota, New Eng., Ohio, Kansas, California, other states, and elsewhere in the world, e.g., Swed., Switz., Fr., Eng., Fin. Pentecostalists believe that speaking in tongues, the gift of healing, and prophecy are normal for every truly converted believer. Meetings of “spirit-baptized” Pentecostals also include testifying and other features said to be evidence of the Holy Spirit's immediate presence. The psychological phenomena of Pentecostalism resemble the ecstatic experiences of Montanism* and the Camisards,* the tongues movement under E. Irving,* and features of revivals in Kentucky (see Presbyterian Churches, 4 b) and under leadership of G. Whitefield.* The theol. of modern Pentecostalism is a fusion of the Bap. “inner light” theory and Arminian perfectionism.* Pentecostals usually claim to proclaim the “Full Gospel” or “Foursquare* Gospel” (terms often imbedded in names of their chs.), referring to special emphasis on conversion, entire sanctification, divine healing,* and the premillennial coming of Christ (see Millennialism). Their preaching centers in the necessity of being baptized with the Holy Spirit; some classify their membership as converted, saved, and Spirit-baptized. Typical Pent. beliefs: that Jesus Christ shed His blood for the remission of sins that are past, for the regeneration of penitent sinners, and for salvation from sin and sinning; the Scriptural doctrine of justification by faith alone; that Jesus Christ shed His blood for the complete cleansing of the justified believer from all indwelling sin and from its pollution, subsequent to regeneration; that entire sanctification is an instantaneous, definite 2d work of grace, obtainable by faith on the part of the fully justified believer; that the Pentecostal baptism of the Holy Spirit and fire is obtainable by a definite act of appropriating faith on the part of the fully cleansed believer, and that the 1st evidence of the reception of this experience is speaking with other tongues as the Spirit gives utterance. Pent. groups include The Church* of God in Christ; The Church* of God in Christ, Internat.; Internat. Ch. of the Foursquare* Gospel; International* Pent. Assemblies; Pentecostal* Assemblies of the World, Inc.; Pentecostal* Ch. of God; Pentecostal* Fire-Baptized Holiness Ch.; The Pentecostal* Free Will Bap. Ch., Inc.; Pent. Holiness Ch., Internat. (see Holiness Churches, 2); United* Pent. Ch. Internat. See also Full Gospel Assemblies, International; International Pentecostal Church of Christ; Neo-Pentecostalism. FEM

See Religious Bodies (US), Bibliography of.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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