Highest dignitary in the ecclesiastical hierarchy as it developed from the 4th c. on. E patriarchates: Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem. RCm did not perpetuate the term in this sense but only as an honorary title without special jurisdiction (CIC 271; e.g., the bp. of Goa is patriarch of the East Indies). The title is also used of the spiritual head of various other E chs., e.g., the Russ. Orthodox Ch. and the Syrian and Coptic chs., as well as of the head of the Sanhedrin in Palestine, sometimes of the head of the Jewish Coll. at Babylon, and of certain functionaries in the Mormon ch.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.
Content Reproduced with Permission
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