(Lat.: Ptolemaeus). Name of kings of Egypt, the Ptolemies (32330 BC), comprising the 31st (or Macedonian) dynasty, which included Ptolemy I (Ptolemy Soter [Gk. savior]; ca. 367283; reputed son of Lagos [or Lagus]; king 323285); Ptolemy II (Ptolemy Philadelphus; son of Ptolemy I; 309ca. 247/246; king 285ca. 247/246; see also Bible Versions, A 1); Ptolemy III (Ptolemy Euergetes [Gk. benefactor]; son of Ptolemy II; ca. 282ca. 222/221; king ca. 247/246ca. 222/221); Ptolemy IV (Ptolemy Philopator [or Philopater; from Gk. for loving (his) father]; son of Ptolemy III; ca. 244ca. 205/203; king ca. 222/221ca. 205/203; Jews probably less in favor at court than under previous reigns); Ptolemy V (Ptolemy Epiphanes [Gk. illustrious]; son of Ptolemy IV; ca. 210probably ca. 181/180; king ca. 205/203probably ca. 181/180); Ptolemy VI (or Ptolemy VII; Ptolemy Philometor [from Gk. for loving (his) mother]; son of Ptolemy V; ca. 186ca. 146/145; king probably ca. 181/180146/145; cf. 1 Mac 10:5160; 11:118; 2 Mac 1:10; 4:21); Ptolemy VII (or Ptolemy IX; Ptolemy Euergetes II; nicknamed Physcon [or Physkon; from Gk. for fat paunch]; brother of Ptolemy VI; ca. 184117/116; king ca. 146/145ca. 117/116). Prophecies in Dn 9:912; 11 have been assoc. with the Ptolemies.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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