(17711858). Father of R. D. Owen*; socialist and philanthropist; b. Newtown, Wales; tried to improve soc. conditions of workingmen; founded communistic socs. (see also Communistic Societies 3), in Eng. and one at New Harmony, Indiana (182528), all unsuccessful; tried to abolish private or individual property, systems of religion that he regarded as absurd and irrational, and marriage founded on individual property; turned from disbelief in all religions to belief in spiritualism ca. 1853; followers called Owenists. Works include Discourses on a New System of Society.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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