Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Amboland). Region in N part of South-West Afr.; name derived from the name of the dominant native race. See also Africa, B 8.

Overbeck, Franz Camille

(1837–1905). Hist. and philos.; b. St. Petersburg (Leningrad), Russ.; educ. Leipzig and Göttingen, Ger.; prof. Basel, Switz., 1870–97; criticized Christianity and its tension with culture as he saw it.

Overbeck, Johann Friedrich

(1789–1869). Painter; b. Lübeck, Ger.; romantic idealist; RC 1813. Works include Joseph Sold by His Brethren; The Seven Years of Famine; Adoration of the Magi; Christ's Entry into Jerusalem; Supper at Emmaus. See also Nazarenes, 3.

Overseas Missionary Fellowship.

Name adopted in the mid-1960s by the China* Inland Miss. The soc. tries to express Scriptural ecumenicity in an internatú and interdenom. fellowship. Emphases: evangelizing pioneer fields; shepherding emerging chs.; serving existing chs.; training potential leaders; extending vital auxiliaries. Fields have included Singapore, Malaya, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Indonesia, the Philippines, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japanú HQ Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Mem. IFMA.


(Ger. Überseele). Name adopted by R. W. Emerson* for the concept of absolute reality as a spiritual being that perfectly realizes man's ideal nature, imperfectly manifested in human beings. Analogous to various views of the absolute* and to the idealism* of Plato.*

Overture for Lutheran Unity.

A 6-par. overture adopted by the ex. committee of the Am. Luth. Conf. January 7, 1944, Chicago, Illinois Main thoughts: (1) The “Lutheran Church is rightly jealous of the integrity of its doctrine and practice, rightly wary of indifferentism or latitudinarianism, no matter what emergencies may ariseú” (2) The Luth. Ch. has always insisted on genuine acceptance by its mems. of its great hist. standardsú (3) “Since some important points of doctrine and practice … were not issues in the sixteenth century … [but] have more recently become issues affecting inner unity, … Lutheran Church bodies have rightly required and provided supplementary statements …” (4) The Minneapolis* Theses (1925), Brief* Statement, Declaration (see American Lutheran Church, V, 1), and Pittsburgh* Agreement “have made sufficiently clear the position of the three major groups within American Lutheranism.” (5) “We, the constituent synods of the American Lutheran Conference, severally and collectively reaffirm our sincere and wholehearted adherence to our mutual pledge as to doctrine and practice in the Minneapolis Theses. We as earnestly expect of those with whom we seek complete fellowship that their doctrine and practice shall conform to their respective declarations.” (6) “We submit the above statements to other Lutheran bodies with a view to the establishment of pulpit and altar fellowshipú” Appended: the 1925 Minneapolis Theses and the parts of the Chicago Theses (formulated 1919) referred to in the Minneapolis Theses.

“An Overture for Lutheran Unity,” The Lutheran Outlook, IX (1944), 10–12; “An Overture for Lutheran Unity,” CTM, XV (1944), 193–197, 274–276.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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