Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Otfried; perhaps ca. 790/800–875/800). Ger. monk; probably b. near Weissenburg (Wissembourg), NE Fr. (Alsace); pupil of Rabanus* Maurus. Works include Liber evangeliorum (formerly known as Krist; in Old High Ger. poetic form with end rhyme; stresses symbolic interpretation of Christ's acts rather than the acts themselves)


World beyond the present one. See also Hereafter.

Otter, Jakob

(Jacobus Otther; ca. 1485–1547)ú Reformer; b. Lauterburg, Alsace; educ. Heidelberg and Freiburg; pastor Wolfenweiler, near Freiburg, 1518; became Luth. 1520. Pastor Kenzingen, near Lahr, 1522; Neckarsteinach, near Heidelberg, 1524; Solothurn (Soleure), Switz., early 1529; Aarau, Switz., August 1529; Esslingen, Ger., 1532. Signed Wittenberg* Concord. Works include a catechism and devotional writingsú

Ottesen, Jakob Aall

(June 1, 1825–October 30, 1904). B. Christiania (Oslo), Norw.; educ. Christiania; taught Lat. school Christiania; to Am. 1852. Pastor Manitowoc, Wisconsin, 1852; Koshkonong, Wisconsin, 1860; Decorah, Iowa, 1894–96. Helped organize The Norw. Ev. Luth. Ch. in Am. (see Evangelical Lutheran Church, The, 8). Coed. Evangelisk Luthersk Maanedstidende.

Öttingen, Alexander von

(1827–1906). Luth. theol.; b. Wissust, near Dorpat (Tartu), Livonia; prof. systematic theol. Dorpat 1856; held that individual guilt must be viewed against the background of community guilt. Works include Die Moralstatistik und die christliche Sittenlehre.

Öttinger, Konrad

(Ötinger; Conradus Öttingerus; d. 1540). B. Pforzheim, Ger.; court preacher of Philip* of Hesse and (1534) of Ulrich of Württemberg; signed SA.

Otto, Anton

(b. ca. 1505). B. Herzberg, Ger. (hence also called Herzberger); studied under M. Luther at Wittenberg; pastor Gräfenthal and Nordhausen; preached sermons 1565 rejecting the 3d use of the Law as source of Majorism (see Majoristic Controversy) and synergism.* See also Antinomian Controversy.

Otto, Rudolf

(1869–1937). B. Peine, Ger.; educ. Erlangen and Göttingen; taught at Göttingen 1897, Breslau 1914, Marburg 1917. Works include Das Leben und Wirken Jesu nach historisch-kritischer Auffassung, tr. Life and Ministry of Jesus According to the Historical and Critical Method; Das Heilige, tr. The Idea of the Holy. See also Numinous.

Otto I

(Otho; 912–973). “The Great.” Son of Henry* I, the Fowler; king of Ger. and Holy Roman Emp. 936–973, crowned 962. See also Germany, A 2.

Otto of Bamberg

(ca. 1060/62–1139). “Father of the Monks”; b. Swabia; bp. Bamberg 1102; founded more than 20 monasteries; helped prepare Concordat of Worms (see Concordat, 2); made miss. journeys to Pomerania 1124–25, 1128.

Otto of Freising

(ca. 1110/15–1158). B. perhaps Neuburg, near Vienna, Austria; studied at Paris, Fr.; Cistercian 1132; abbot Morimond, Fr., ca. 1137; abbot Freising, Bav., ca. 1138; active in politics; took part in 2d Crusade (see Crusades, 3). Works include a world chronicle.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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