Norw. heard of Christianity through the Vikings (see also Iceland, 1), who made piratical raids on Eng., Scot., Ireland, Fr., and elsewhere and whose captives included Christians. Haakon I (the Good; ca. 914961; king of Norw. 935961), brought up as a Christian by Athelstan (Aethelstan; 895940; king of West Saxons and Mercians ca. 924, of Eng. ca. 937), brought Christian influences to Norw. but failed in the attempt to persuade his people to embrace Christianity. Olaf* I and Thangbrand* used violence in trying to Christianize Norway. Olaf* II continued the task, which was completed toward the end of the 11th c. But king and hierarchy fought till late in the 13th c. Decay set in early in the 14th c. Much of the clergy perished in the Black Death 1349. Morals declined in the 15th and early 16th c.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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