Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Nuelsen, John Louis

(1867–1946). B. Zurich, Switz. Educ. Drew Theol. Sem., Madison, New Jersey; Cen. Wesleyan Coll., Warrenton, Missouri; Berlin and Halle, Ger. Pastor Sedalia, Missouri, 1890. Prof. St. Paul's Coll., Minnesota, 1890–92; Cen. Wesleyan Sem., Warrenton, Missouri, 1894–99; Nast Theol. Sem., Berea, Ohio, 1899–1908. M. E. bp. 1908; in charge of M. E. Ch. in Eur. 1912, retired 1940. Ecumenist. Works include Some Recent Phases of German Theology; Kurzgefasste Geschichte des Methodismus; Das Heilserlebnis im Methodismus; Die Ordination im Methodismus; John Wesley und das deutsche Kirchenlied; Luther: The Leader.


Term popularized by R. Otto*; designates an inconceivable concept of God pointed to in the word “holy.” See also Ambivalence.


Women belonging to a religious order. In RCm the life of nuns is primarily one of contemplation and mortification.


German city in Franconia (Franke former free imperial city. Site of imperial administration during the absence of the emperor after 1521. English rendering is Nuremberg.

Nürnberg, Diets of.

Several diets were held at Nürnberg, Ger., from 1522 to 1543, including one convened March 1522, dismissed May 1522, reconvened December 1522, closed 1523. At this diet, convened by Charles* V to devise means to defeat the Turks and to settle internal religious difficulties, the RCs acknowledged the need to reform the ch., declared willingness to reform, and demanded enforcement of the Edict of Worms.* The diet refused to enforce the Edict of Worms, demanded a free council within a yr., and stipulated that neither M. Luther* nor his followers should meanwhile give any occasion for disturbance.

Another diet, convened November 1523, opened January 1524, dissolved April 1524. The RCs regarded the “100 grievances” (Lat. gravamina; actually there finally were 102 grievances of the Ger. nation against the papal court; they began accumulating esp. in the 2d half of the 15th c. and received official form at the 1518 Augsburg* Diet and were further crystallized as a result of the 1521 Diet of Worms*; they were presented at the 1522–23 Diet of Nürnberg) as the product of spiteful private individuals and advised enforcement of the Edict of Worms; political events prevented effective enforcement of the edict.

Nürnberg Declaration, The.

1870 statement of Ger. RCs against the decree of papal infallibility.*

Nürnberg Normal Books.

Writings accepted 1573 as norms by pastors of Nürnberg and BrandenburgAnsbach: the ecumenical* creeds; M. Luther's* catechisms; AC; Ap; SA; P. Melanchthon's* Loci communes and Examen ordinandorum and Definitiones appellationum; Confessio Saxonica (see Lutheran Confessions, A 5); Answer to the Impious Bavarian Articles (Responsio ad implos articulos Bavaricos); Answer Concerning the Controversy of Stancarus* (Responsio de controversia Stancari); Brandenburg-Nürnberg ch. order.

Nürnberg Religious Peace.

Temporary settlement 1532 at Nürnberg of difficulties bet. RC and Prot. states. In this peace (or truce) the emp. assured the Prots. that the status quo would be maintained until a council or diet met. See also Charles V; Schmalkaldic League.

Nursing Fathers of the Church.

Rulers who provide a favorable climate for the growth of the church. Cf. Is 49:23 KJV.

Nussmann, Adolph

(Nüssmann; Nuessmann; Nussman; August 1739–November 3, 1794). B. Münster, Westphalia, Ger.; Franciscan priest; converted to Lutheranism; to Am. 1773; thorough scholar; laid foundations for the Luth. Ch. in North Carolina.

J. B. Moose, “Adolph Nussmann, Pioneer Lutheran Preacher in North Carolina,” The Lutheran Church Quarterly, XIII (1940), 375–391.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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