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Desire, craving, longing, passion (e.g., Ex 15:9; Nm 11:34; Dt 12:15; Ro 7:7; Ja 1:14; 4:1–5). “Lusts of the flesh” are evil (e.g., Ro 13:14; Gl 5:17; Eph 2:1–3; 1 Jn 2:16) and “war against the soul” (1 Ptr 2:11); Christians are to flee them (e.g., 2 Ti 2:22; Tts 2:12). Gk. epithymia is used in a neutral (e.g., Mk 4:19), good (e.g., Lk 22:15; Ph 1:23; 1 Th 2:17), and bad (e.g., 1 Th 4:5; 1 Ptr 4:3) sense. “Libido” refers mainly to the sexual urge. See also Concupiscence; Sensuality; Sin; Sins, Venial and Mortal

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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