(from Gk. for wolf and man). 1. Form of insanity in which one believes that he is an animal, esp. a wolf. 2. Belief that one can transform himself and/or others into animal (esp. wolf) form (hence werewolf, from OE wer, man). In the Middle Ages, as late as the 17th c., theologians regarded lycanthropy as a branch of sorcery.
1. Balthasar (ca. 15761629). Palatinus. Son of 3, father of 2; b. (Gross) Umstadt, near Darmstadt, Ger.; Dutch Ref. theol.; preacher Dordrecht; delivered opening and closing sermon at 161819 Syn. of Dordrecht.* 2. Jacob (161079). Son of 1; b. Dordrecht, Neth.; exegete; archaeol.; pastor Dordrecht. 3. Martin (ca. 15391601). Father of 1; b. Lübeck, Ger.; Dutch Ref. pastor; preacher Amsterdam 1580, Leeuwarden 1585; prof. Franeker 1585; moderate Calvinist.
(November 23, 1809 [1810?]June 28, 1834). B. perhaps Northampton, Massachusetts; educ. Amherst (Massachusetts) Coll. and Andover (Massachusetts) Sem.; studied medicine; ABCFM miss. to Indian Archipelago (Malay Archipelago; Malaysia; East Indies; Indonesia) with S. Munson* 1833. See also Bataks; Indonesia, 4.
Many councils were held at Lyons, Fr., beginning in the 470s. RC ecumenical council Lyons I 1245 tried unsuccessfully to unseat Frederick* II; enjoined preaching of crusade* against Saracens, but without effect. RC ecumenical council Lyons II 1274 tried to remove the schism of 1054 (see Schism, 6); Gk. representatives agreed to terms of union, including filioque (see Filioque Controversy), but union dissolved in the 1280s. See also Councils and Synods, 4.
(variants include Lyranus and Lyre; ca. 12701340). Doctor planus et utilis; b. Lyre (Lire; la Neuve-Lyre), Fr.; exegete; Franciscan; provincial for Burgundy 1325; prof. Sorbonne, Paris. Works include commentaries on the Bible known for emphasis on literal sense and praised by M. Luther; their influence came to be expressed in the Latin saying, Si Lyra non lyrasnet, Lutherus non saltasset (which, some hold, says too much).
(17931847). Eng. Angl. cleric and hymnist; b. Ednam, near Kelso, Scot.; educ. Dublin, Ireland; ordained 1815; curate Lower Brixham, Devonshire, Eng., 182347; d. Nice, Fr. Hymns include Abide with Me! Fast Falls the Eventide; God of Mercy, God of Grace; My Spirit on Thy Care; Jesus, I My Cross Have Taken.
(170973). 1st Baron Lyttelton of Frankley; statesman, author; b. Hagley, near Kidderminster. Worcestershire, Eng.; educ. Eton and Oxford: mem. parliament 1735; lord commissioner of treasury 174454, chancellor of exchequer 175556. Works include Observations on the Conversion and Apostleship of Saint Paul. See also Deism, IV.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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