(from Lat. immanere, to remain in). (1) In medieval scholasticism an immanent cause is one whose effects are exclusively in the agent. (2) In I. Kant* the immanent is experiential as opposed to transcendent. (3) In contemporary metaphysics immanence means presence as opposed to absence (see also Immanence of God). (4) Ernst Julius Wilhelm Schuppe (18361913; Ger. philos.; b. Brieg, Silesia; educ. Breslau, Bonn, and Berlin; taught in Silesia; prof. Greifswald 18731910) identified consciousness, an inseparable union of I and its objects, with the real.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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