Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(d. 457). Bp. Edessa 435–457; held mediating position bet. Nestorians and Cyril* of Alexandria in Christological* controversies; deposed at “Robber Syn.” of Ephesus* 449; vindicated at Chalcedon* 451; views condemned at Constantinople* by the 5th ecumenical council 553. See also Three Chapters, Controversy of.

Ibn-Daud, Abraham

(Abraham ben David; ca. 1110–80). B. Toledo, Sp.; 1st prominent Jewish exponent of Aristotelianism. Works include Sefer ha-Qabbalah (Book of Tradition); Emunah Ramah (Exalted Faith).


(1880–1953). B. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; king of Saudi Arabia 1932–53; est. iomirance of Wahhabis* in Nejd region of cen. Saudi Arabia 1906.

Ibn Ezra.

1. Abraham ben Meir (1092–1167). B. Toledo, Sp.; outstanding medieval Jewish scholar; poet; also wrote on various sciences; other works include Biblical commentaries. 2. Moses ben Jacob (ca. 1070–ca. 1139). B. Granada, Sp.; Jewish profane and spiritual poet; philos.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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