Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Gates, Theophilus Ransom

(1787–1846). B. Hartland, Connecticut; early experienced strange, disturbing visions; in Philadelphia 1810–35; criticized existing religions; pub. the monthly Reformer; unhappy home life led him to adopt perfectionism*; influenced by J. H. Noyes*; launched “Battle-Axe Experiment” 1837, advocating free love based on a “principle of holiness” leading to union of “soul mates”; his colony in “Free Love Valley” near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, disappeared after he left in reaction against excesses.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

Stay Connected! Join the LCMS Network:

Contact Us Online
(Staff Switchboard)
(Church Info Center)
1333 S Kirkwood Rd
Saint Louis, MO 63122-7226 | Directions


Featured Publication

The Lutheran Witness

LCMS Communications

Interpreting the contemporary world from a Lutheran Christian perspective.
Visit TLW Online