Christian Cyclopedia

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Evangelistic Associations.

Chs. characterized esp. by evangelistic work. Many have holiness leanings or are Meth. The following may be included:

1. Apostolic Christian Church of America. Begun 1830 in Switz. by S. H. Froehlich and organized ca. 1847 among Swiss and Ger. immigrants by Benedict Wyeneth; pacifists. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

2. Apostolic Christian Church (Nazarean). Begun ca. 1850 in the midwest US among Swiss and Ger. immigrants by S. H. Freehlich; teaches entire sanctification; denies reconversion. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

3. Apostolic Faith Mission. Originated 1900 at Topeka, Kansas, in the revival work of several evangelists including Miss. Minnie Hanson and Mrs. M. White. Stands for “restoration of the faith once delivered to the saints, the old-time religion, camp meetings, revivals, missions, street and prison work, and Christian unity everywhere.” Missions in Japan, China, Korea, S. Am., and other countries. Disbanded 1957.

4. The Christian Congregation, Inc. Organized 1887 in Indiana; revised incorporation ca. 1898 at Kokomo, Indiana; congregational in doctrine and polity; centers teaching and work in the “new commandment” of Jn 13:34–35. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

5. The Christian and Missionary Alliance. Originated under leadership of A. B. Simpson* (1844–1919), Presb. pastor, who resigned his charge in NYC, withdrew from the presbytery of New York, and entered indep. evangelistic work among unchurched. In 1887 two societies were organized: Christian Alliance (inc. 1890), for home work, esp. among neglected classes in towns and cities of the US; International Missionary Alliance (inc. 1889). In 1897 the 2 socs. merged in The Christian and Miss. Alliance. It has no strict creed but emphasizes Christ as Savior, Sanctifier, Healer, and Coming Lord. It has no close ecclesiastical organization, though it has an overall gen. conf., called Gen. Council, and dists. with branches. Missions in many countries. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

6. Church of Daniel's Band. Organized 1893 at Marine City, Michigan See also Holiness Churches, 2.

7. Church of God as Organized by Christ. Organized 1886 under leadership of P. J. Kaufman, Mennonite; opposes “hireling ministry,” revivals, creeds, tobacco, lodges, fine clothing, theaters; observes baptism, communion, and foot washing but has no binding form for their observance.

8. Hephzibah Faith Missionary Association. Under this name a number of indep. chs. were organized 1892 in Iowa; reorganized 1935; subsequently dissolved; new organization formed 1948. Purposes: preaching the doctrine of holiness, developing miss. work at home and abroad, and promoting philanthropic work. Ministers usually supported by freewill offerings.

9. Lumber River Annual Conference of the Holiness Methodist Church. Organized 1900 at Union Chapel Ch., Robeson Co., North Carolina Originally called Lumber Mission Conference of the Holiness Methodist Ch.

10. The Metropolitan Church Association, Inc. Began in Chicago as Metropolitan Holiness Church in an 1894 revival movement; current name adopted 1899. Has no specific creed, no definite form of ch. organization; does not pay salaries. Wesleyan in theol. Official pub.: The Burning Bush. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

11. Missionary Church Association. Organized 1898 at Berne, Indiana, to promote full teaching of the Word of God and engage in aggressive miss. work. Claims to stand for the evangelical truths of Christianity and to be interdenominational.

12. Peniel Missions. Organized 1886 by T. P. Ferguson in Los Angeles, Calif.

13. Missionary Bands of the World. Grew out of a miss. soc. of young people formed 1885 in the Free Meth. Ch. under leadership of Vivian A. Dake; indep. 1898 as Pentecost Bands of the World. Meth. in character. Present name adopted 1925. Merged 1933 with the Church of God (Holiness), Fort Scott, Kansas, and 1958 with The Wesleyan* Meth. Ch. of Am.

14. Pillar of Fire. Organized 1901, inc. 1902 as Pentecostal Union under leadership of Mrs. Alma White, wife of a Meth. minister; 1st headquarters were at Denver, Colorado Believing it impossible to carry out the miss. work of the ch. in connection with est. denominations and claiming to have received a vision of worldwide evangelism, Mrs. White est. missions in a number of cities and a training school in Denver. Headquarters were moved 1908 to Zarephath, near Bound Brook, New Jersey The name Pillar of Fire was adopted 1917. Doctrinal beliefs include divine healing, premillennialism, restoration of Jews, eternal punishment, everlasting life. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

15. Free Christian Zion Church of Christ. Organized 1905 under leadership of E. D. Brown, Negro, at Redemption, Arkansas; in doctrine gen. agrees with Meths.

16. The Gospel Mission Corps. Inc. 1962 in New Jersey; organized along military lines; believer's baptism and holy communion are observed.

17. The Church of God (Apostolic). Organized 1897 by Thomas J. Cox at Danville, Kentucky, as Christian Faith Band Ch.; inc. 1901; present name adopted 1915, inc. 1919. Foot washing and immersion are practiced.

18. Fire Baptized Holiness Church. Organized 1898 in Atlanta, Georgia, as part of the interracial Fire Baptized Holiness Assoc. of Am.; the Negro membership separated 1908 and became the Fire Baptized Holiness Ch. of God 1922.

19. The Fire Baptized Holiness Church (Wesleyan). Organized ca. 1890 as The Southeast Kansas Fire Baptized Holiness Assoc. Present name adopted 1945; episc. in ch. organization. See also Holiness Churches, 2.

20. Echo Park Evangelistic Association. Founded 1921 by A. S. McPherson* at Los Angeles, California See also Foursquare Gospel, The; Pentecostalism.

See Religious Bodies (US), Bibliography of.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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