School of philos. founded by K. H. Marx* and F. Engels*; holds that matter (nature) is real in its own right, apart from supernatural source. The term dialectical refers to dynamic interconnectedness of things and to the radical character of the universality of change. Its basic hypotheses: law of interpenetration, unity, and strife of opposites; law of transformation bet. quantity and quality; law of negation of negation, i. e., each stage of development resolves the contradictions in a preceding synthesis. See also Evolution, III.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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