Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Dyer, Samuel

(January 20, (1804–1843). B. Greenwich, Eng.; LMS miss. to Malacca and Penang (1827–43). Invented movable metallic type for printing Chinese Scriptures. Helped tr. Bible into Chinese.

Dykes, John Bacchus

(1823–76). B. Hull, Eng.; cleric and composer; hymn tunes include Alford, Beatitudo, Nicaea, St. Agnes, St. Cross, St. Mary Magdalene, and Vox dilecti; other works include many services and anthems.

Dylander, Johan

(ca. 1709–41). B. Swed.; to Am. 1737; served Swed. chs. along the Delaware 1737–41; preached in English, German, and Swedish; helped organize Ger. congs. at Germantown and Lancaster, Pennsylvania; often preached in Episc. chs.; one of the most influential Swed. Luth. pastors in Am.


(from Gk. dynamis, “power”). Philos. system which holds that all phenomena are manifestations of force; distinguished from mechanism.* Examples: 1. The view of Anaximenes* of Miletus (of the Ionian school of philos.) that things grow by condensation and rarefaction, or heat and cold; 2. G. W. v. Leibniz'* explanation of substance; 3. I. Kant's* explanation of matter as forces of attraction and repulsion; 4. Arnold van Gennep's (1873–1957) description of an attitude of the savage mind toward the sacred and hidden; 5. The view of W. Ostwald,* exponent of energetics; 6. The élan vital (vital force) of H. Bergson* and the philos. of organism of A. N. Whitehead.* See also Africa, A. 3.


(Diphysites; from Gk. dyo, “two,” and physis, “nature”). Those who held that in Christ 2 natures, divine and human, coexist as expressed by the Council of Chalcedon.* Opposed the Monophysites (see Monophysite Controversy).


(dithelitism; from Gk. dyo, “two,” and thelema, “will”). The doctrine that in Christ there are 2 wills, divine and human; Christ had a human soul (Mt 26:38) and a human, but sinless, will (Mt 26:39). The doctrine was upheld by orthodox theology against monothelitism.* See also Constantinople, Councils of, 3.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Content Reproduced with Permission

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