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Groups of evangelicals in Scot. bound themselves by covenant ca. 1556–ca. 1562 to maintain the Reformation. The 1581 covenant, known as the King's Confession, was signed by people of all classes because of fear of revival of Romanism. Charles I's attempt to introduce the 1637 Scottish Prayer Book led to the 1638 National Covenant. which revived and expanded that of 1581. The 1643 Solemn League* and Covenant was an agreement bet. Scots and the Eng. Parliament against Charles I. Its objectives: maintenance of Presbyterianism in Scot.; reformation of the Ch. of Eng.; uniformity of chs. of Brit. Isles; eradication of popery and prelacy; maintenance of liberties, rights of Parliament, and rightful power of king. See also Presbyterian Churches, 4 f; Presbyterian Confessions, 1.

See also Cameronians; Federal Theology; Presbyterian Confessions, 3.

J. K. Hewison, The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland from the Reformation to the Revolution, 2 vols., rev. and corrected ed. (Glasgow, 1913); P. Y. De Jong, The Covenant Idea in New England Theology, 1620–1847 (Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1945).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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